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May 24, 2024
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Assam-Mizoram Border Clashes: 5-Point Explainer

At least five Assam Police personnel were killed and 50 others were injured as Assam and Mizoram policemen allegedly fired at each other on Monday in a sudden escalation of a border dispute between the two North-eastern states of India.

Here is your 5-point explainer to understand the Assam-Mizoram Dispute:

  1. The root cause of the current clashes is the land dispute between Assam and Mizoram over “improper demarcation of the state border”. Two border notifications were issued during British rule; however, the issue remains.
  2. Both Assam and Mizoram claim land on the border between Assam’s Cachar and Mizoram’s Kolasib district. Both states accuse each other of encroachment.
  3. Mizoram was earlier a part of Assam and was called “Lushai Hills” before it became a Union Territory in 1972., subsequently it was upgraded to a state in 1987.
  4. Assam and Mizoram also have border disputes in Karimganj-Mamit and Hailakandi- Kolasib border.
  5. Mizoram, which shares a border with three states, also has a dispute with Tripura.

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